Anja Miray was established in 1999 in response to the degradation and clearing of local forests, the sedimentation of water resources, and the loss of wildlife such as ring-tailed lemurs, chameleons, and tropical birds. The association operates a 30-hectare community forest reserve in the Haute Matsiatra region of the country.
The community has established an ecotourism initiative which funds community works projects – schools, health clinics, and environmental education – and ongoing conservation activities. Ecotourism has also provided a revenue stream for alternative livelihood projects such as fish farming and tree nurseries. The association has provided a leading model of community-based forest management in the country.